THE COLLIE DOG
The throat ought to be muscular, strong and of fair length, and somewhat arched. The puppy needs to be straight ahead. The fore-legs must be straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with a reasonable amount of bone; the forearm somewhat fleshy, the pasterns showing flexibility . The feet must be oval in shape, soles well padded, and the toes arched and close together.
There should just be a slight depression at stop. The width of skull depends upon upon combined length of skull and muzzle; and also the whole has to be considered in relation to the size of their dog. The cheek should not be full or notable.
In the displays this type of dog is always at the peak of the class. He is considered the most tractable, and is certainly the most agile. Second to this type in favour is your smooth-coated variety, a really hard, useful puppy, well accommodated for hill work and usually very fleet of foot. He isn't so sweet in temper because the white and black, and so is slow to make friends. There is not a more adorable and beautiful dog to be seen than the series Collie of the current period. Produced from the older working type, he's now virtually a different breed.
Generally personality he's a lithe busy puppy, his deep chest showing lung electricity, his neck strength, his sloping shoulders and bent hocks indicating pace, and his saying elevated intelligence. In a couple of words, a Collie should reveal endurance, action, and intellect, with free and accurate action. In height dogs ought to be 22 inches. To 24 inches. At the shoulders, bitches 20 inches. Into 22 ins. The smooth collie only is different from the coarse in its coat, which should be hard, compact and rather smooth.
The Collie puppy makes a great sporting dog, and may be taught to do the job of the Pointer and the Setter, in addition to the Water Spaniel and the Retriever. He can be trained to perform the duties of other breeds. He is smart at hunting, acquiring an superb nose, is a fantastic vermin-killer, and a most faithful watch, guard, along with companion.
Little is known with certainty concerning the source of this Collie, but his adorable and his external appearance would appear to indicate a connection with the crazy dog. Buffon was of opinion he was the true dog of nature, the inventory and model of the whole canine species. He considered that the Sheepdog superior in wisdom and instinct to other strains, which, with a character in which education has comparatively small share, he's the only animal born perfectly trained for the support of man.
The muzzle must be of reasonable length, tapering to the nose, and must not show weakness or be snipy or lippy. Whatever the colour of the dog might be, the nose must be black. The teeth should be of great size, sound and level; really slight unevenness is permissible. The jaws Clean cut and powerful. The eyes are a very important characteristic, and give expression to the dog; they should be of medium size, set somewhat obliquely, of almond shape, and of a brownish shade except in the case of merles, once the eyes are frequently (one or both) blue and white or china; expression filled with intellect, with a quick alert look when listening. The ears should be small and moderately wide at the base, and put not too near together but on the top of the skull and not on the side of the mind.